An Underbite is when the lower teeth bite in front of the upper teeth. It is important to correct an under bite because it prevents proper function of the front and/or back teeth, and can contribute to future jaw joint disorders (TMJ). This type of bite should be evaluated early on as it may require more extensive treatment when the child is older.
A Deep Bite is when the upper teeth almost, or completely cover the lower teeth. It is important to correct a deep bite because it can lead to unusual wear of the front teeth and improper function of the front teeth. Over time it can lead to periodontal disease from the lower teeth biting into the gum tissue of the palate.
Crowding develops when there is not enough space for permanent teeth to erupt, causing them to grow at different angles, high on the gums, or through the palate. It is important to correct crowding as crowded teeth can be very challenging to keep clean and could lead to periodontal (gum) issues and cavities. In severe cases it could lead to impaction of permanent teeth and decreased function (chewing).
A Crossbite is when the upper teeth are biting on the inside of the lower teeth. It is important to correct a crossbite because it can cause premature wear of the teeth, asymmetrical jaw bone development, dysfunctional chewing patterns, and may contribute to future jaw joint disorders (TMJ).
An Openbite is when the upper teeth do not adequately meet the lower teeth and can be caused by thumb or finger sucking or a tongue thrust. It is important to correct an openbite because it can cause premature wear on the back teeth, create dysfunctional chewing patterns, and may contribute to future jaw joint disorders (TMJ).